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BACKGROUND <br />On September 21, 2021, the City Council adopted a resolution of intention to transition <br />from at -large to district -based elections in conformance with the California Voting Rights <br />Act of 2001 ("CVRA") (Resolution No. 21-1240). This transition would be implemented <br />for the 2022 general municipal election. <br />Pursuant to Elections Code section 10010, the City is required to hold at least two <br />public hearings over a period of no more than 30 days before any map or maps of the <br />boundaries for the proposed voting districts are drawn. At these public hearings, the <br />community is invited to provide input regarding boundaries and district composition. <br />Before developing draft district boundaries, the City Council is to receive comments <br />from residents and interested community groups at the two public hearings to <br />understand the community's view of appropriate district boundaries. At the end of the <br />second public hearing, the City Council will determine which criteria will be used to <br />create one or more proposed district maps. The City's demographer will then create <br />one or more draft maps, which will be published for public comment and review at two <br />subsequent public hearings. <br />The City Council will receive public input both about the district boundaries and <br />sequencing of the district elections at those two subsequent hearings and provide <br />further direction to finalize the map and sequence of elections. The plan will then be <br />incorporated into an ordinance that will be presented to the City Council for a final vote. <br />The City Council is the final decision-making body on adopting district boundaries. <br />DISCUSSION <br />District Formation Criteria <br />The legally -required criteria that apply to the creation of voting districts are as follows: <br />• Each Council district shall contain nearly equal population, with any deviations <br />justified by other traditional redistricting criteria. <br />• A districting plan shall be drawn in a manner that complies with the state and <br />federal Constitutions, the Federal Voting Rights Act and other applicable law, <br />including the CVRA. <br />• Each Council district shall not be drawn with race as the predominant factor. <br />In addition, state law requires that the City Council use the following criteria in the <br />following order of priority: <br />• To the extent practicable, Council districts shall be geographically contiguous. <br />Areas that meet only at the points of adjoining corners are not contiguous. Areas <br />that are separated by water and not connected by a bridge, tunnel, or regular <br />ferry service are not contiguous. <br />Page 2 of 4 <br />